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Installation of crowns on teeth

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The image of a modern business person is made up of many points, but a beautiful and healthy smile leaves no one indifferent, and sometimes helps to open the door to success. Therefore, the oral cavity should always be in perfect condition. The loss of one or more teeth is easiest to fill with crowns. Installation of crowns and their fixation allows you to completely hide the surface of the tooth and the area below the gum line. This smile recovery technique is the most common due to its simplicity and budget cost compared to others. It is important to choose the right material and method of fixation, so as not to worry about the appearance and preservation of the integrity of the artificial tooth.

What is a crown?

A dental crown is a fixed denture in the form of a small cap, which manages to restore the shape and size of the tooth, its functionality, and aesthetic appearance. In addition, the crown is a mandatory stage of implantation. The implant is the titanium root of the tooth, and the crown is its visible part. Modern crowns are made of high-strength materials that match the enamel color of other teeth. Due to this, the design does not stand out. Depending on the material from which the crown is made, there are:

  • Metal - recommended for severe damage to the crown of the masticatory teeth, as well as supports for bridge structures. There are crowns of gold, platinum, titanium, steel, nickel, as well as numerous variants of alloys (chromium/cobalt, silver/palladium). They are characterized by strength, reliability, durability, and affordable price, but their popularity in Ukraine is gradually declining due to the unaesthetic appearance and allergenicity of some metals.
  • Metal-ceramic - are made of a metal basis with drawing from above a layer of ceramics. The result is a high-strength and aesthetic design that withstands the masticatory load does not wear off over time and does not change color. The price of a metal-ceramic crown on a tooth depends on the chosen material and technology of its production.
  • Ceramic crowns are the most popular of all dentures. Ceramics completely repeats the transparency, structure, shade of natural bone tissue, so it looks aesthetically pleasing. In addition, the material is not prone to pigmentation, retains color under the influence of any food dyes, does not absorb odors, does not cause allergies, and does not irritate the gum tissue. Ceramic crowns can withstand quite heavy loads, and last a long time. The disadvantage of this design may be the relatively high cost, but the long service life and positive emotions from the design compensate for the investment.
  • Zirconium is the most modern method of dental prosthetics. Such crowns are strong metal-free structures made of matte, translucent material. They have both the ability to withstand loads, temperature changes, and high aesthetics, so they are installed on the lateral teeth and in the area of the smile. In addition to its strength, zirconium dioxide has good biocompatibility with the human body. Even people suffering from allergies can use prostheses made of this material. Therefore, even at a high price, zirconium crowns are in demand in Kyiv by a significant number of patients.
  • Metal-plastic - affordable and easy to manufacture dental prostheses, often used as a temporary treatment, as they have insufficient strength. Plastic also has a porous structure, so it easily absorbs odors and stains with food pigments, which in the long-run has a significant risk of plaque buildup and gingivitis.

Each type of dental crown has its advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, when choosing a prosthesis, the doctor's recommendations are taken into account, as well as the wishes and financial capabilities of the client. The location and number of teeth to be restored, as well as the individual characteristics of the patient, are essential in the selection of material for dental crowns.

Indications for the installation of a crown on a tooth

  • severe tooth decay due to injury, caries, or non-carious lesion (destruction of more than 50% of the volume of the crown, in such cases, the installation of fillings is impractical);
  • pathological abrasion of enamel or fluorosis;
  • defects in color, size, or shape of teeth;
  • large interdental spaces;
  • the absence of one or more teeth in the area of the smile - the adjacent teeth with the defect are taken under the supports of the bridge and covered with crowns.

Contraindication

  • inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity;
  • the presence of allergies to the components of the crown;
  • teeth with pathological mobility;
  • the low crown part of the tooth, which prevents the strong fixation of the structure;
  • occlusion disorders;
  • acute infectious diseases;
  • chronic diseases in the stage of decompensation.

How is a dental crown made in Kyiv?

First, the dentist examines the patient's mouth and, if necessary, prescribes additional research methods (X-ray, CT). Based on the results of the examination, the amount of work is estimated, and the doctor together with the patient selects the best option for prosthetics, based on his expectations and financial capabilities. Before installing the crown, it is necessary to prepare the oral cavity: treat carious processes and inflammatory diseases, remove non-viable teeth, remove tartar, etc. Sometimes depulpation is required - removal of the vascular-nervous bundle located inside the dental canal or strengthening the root of the tooth with a pin. Then the specialist grinds the enamel to a certain thickness, on average 1-2.5 mm. With the help of a special paste, an impression of the jaws is made, based on which a plaster model is created, and starting from it the dental technician makes prostheses. The process of creating dentures is individual but usually takes about 2 weeks. At this time, temporary dentures are sometimes placed to check the conformity of the crown of the dentition.How to install a crown on a tooth?
The installation is performed under local anesthesia, so the procedure is completely painless. If a temporary crown was used, it is removed and a permanent fitting is performed. The dentist evaluates the degree of fit of the prosthesis, its compliance with the color and size of other teeth. To fix the crown, a special dental cement is used, which hardens when irradiated with a lamp. The procedure usually takes 30 minutes to 2 hours. The service life of crowns is individual and depends on the chosen material of the prosthesis. On average, they serve up to 10 years.

Recommendations after installation

It is not recommended to eat for 1.5-2 hours after the crown is placed on the tooth. It is also necessary to adjust your diet and, if possible, limit the intake of solid foods, as the structure can be damaged by mechanical impact. The recommendations for crown care are the same as the standard recommendations for oral hygiene, and they include:

  • brushing teeth 2 times a day;
  • use of irrigators and dental floss to clean the interdental space;
  • mouthwash after each meal;
  • visiting the dentist twice a year to examine dentures and prevent injuries.

Not difficult, right? It is important to remember that if you follow all the doctor's prescriptions, you will be able to extend the life of the crown and maintain oral health.

Dobrobut dental clinics offer to install a crown in Kyiv from modern materials at an affordable price. In our arsenal: only the best specialists with many years of experience, the latest equipment, quality service, individual approach to each patient. Take care of the health of your teeth today!

Bibliography

  1. Preparation Guidelines for Full Zirconia Crownsll Zirconia Crowns. Posted on May 21, 2018
  2. BAYVIEW DENTAL ARTS. A GUIDE TO DENTAL CROWNS
  3. American Dental Association. Patient Smart Crowns, 2013
  4. Omega Dental Spetialists. 2021 guide to Dental Crown Everything You Need to know. COSMETIC DENTISTRY

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