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Ovarian cyst removal

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An ovarian cyst is a benign tumor-like formation, the cavity of which is filled with abnormal contents, for example, blood, mucus, or other fluid. Modern medicine can offer various methods of their treatment, but the most actively used and effective method is laparoscopic removal of the ovarian cyst. Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive intervention that minimally traumatizes the abdominal cavity, leaves no scars or scars, and this approach does not affect the functionality of the ovary.

Types of ovarian cysts

In modern medicine, ovarian cysts are classified into functional and organic:

Functional cysts (follicular, corpus luteum cyst) are the result of incomplete ovulation, when the mature follicle does not rupture, the egg cell in it dies, and the follicle capsule is gradually filled with secretion, forming a cyst on the surface of the ovary. These types of cysts tend to dissolve themselves.

Organic varieties of ovarian cysts (dermoid, mucinous, endometrioid, and others) - these cysts consist of different types of cells, their formation does not apply to the physiological processes in a woman's body. Organic cysts can grow to impressive sizes and tend to become malignant.

Causes of the disease

Among the reasons provoking the appearance of ovarian cysts are:

  • hormonal imbalance (violation of the ovulation process, menstrual cycle);
  • hereditary factor;
  • chronic inflammatory processes in the ovaries;
  • disruption of the endocrine system of the body;
  • abortion;
  • frequent miscarriages, miscarriages.

Each of the above factors is not a specific cause of ovarian cysts but has a significant effect on the cyst formation process.

Ovarian cyst symptoms

The insidiousness of cystic ovarian neoplasms is that they often develop asymptomatically. Clinical signs that help to suspect the presence of an ovarian cyst may include:

  • painful sensations in the lower abdomen;
  • failure of the menstrual cycle
  • abnormal uterine bleeding;
  • pain during intercourse.

If you find any symptoms in yourself, we recommend that you consult a gynecologist for further examination.

Diagnosis of the disease

A standard examination includes general laboratory tests, a blood test for a hormonal profile, and in some cases - determining the level of hCG in the blood. The main method for diagnosing ovarian cysts is an ultrasound of the pelvic organs - it helps to visualize the cyst, assess its size, etc. To clarify the diagnosis, the gynecologist may prescribe CT, MRI, or even diagnostic laparoscopy.

Indications for laparoscopic removal of ovarian cysts

  • a cyst that has not disappeared with or without conservative treatment;
  • formation of large sizes;
  • cysts complicated by suppuration, hemorrhage, rupture, torsion;
  • suspicion of malignancy of the cystic formation.

Preparing for surgery

The process of preparing for a laparoscopic operation includes the delivery of all the necessary tests, consultation with a gynecologist and an anesthesiologist. Immediately before the operation, the patient must refuse to eat and drink at least 10 hours before the intervention. The day before, it is also recommended to carry out a cleansing enema and hygiene procedures. If there is a risk of thrombosis, it is recommended to wear compression stockings during the operation.

How is the operation going

The operation of an ovarian cyst laparoscopy is performed under general anesthesia. Initially, an antiseptic treatment of the operating field is carried out. Next, access is formed: three small incisions are made on the anterior abdominal wall, through which a laparoscope, equipped with a video camera and a light source, and manipulators are inserted. With the help of microinstrumentation, under the control of a video camera, the ovarian cyst is removed, and if indicated, the entire ovary. At the end of the operation, the incisions are sutured and special stickers are applied to them. The total duration of the intervention is about 40-60 minutes.

Postoperative period and rehabilitation

Since laparoscopic removal of an ovarian cyst is a rather gentle operation for the patient, the rehabilitation period takes a rather short period. After a few hours, the patient can engage in self-care, and the next day, she can go home. Within a month after the intervention, the woman was advised to exclude trips to baths and saunas, to refuse sexual intercourse, and to limit physical activity.

The cost of the operation in Kyiv

A network of medical clinics Dobrobut offers to carry out a laparoscopic operation to remove an ovarian cyst in Kyiv. Our clinics are equipped with everything necessary for full diagnostics and operations using laparoscopic techniques. The best doctors in Ukraine are guaranteed to provide an individual approach to solving medical problems, maximum physical and psychological comfort of the patient.

To clarify the cost of removing an ovarian cyst by the laparoscopic method, as well as prices for other services of our clinics in Kyiv - call our call center 24/7 or go to our website.

Bibliography

  1. Beverly Siegal. Ovarian Cyst Removal—Laparoscopic Surgery. Last reviewed December 2017.
  2. Sarah Marshall, Martin J. Gabica. Surgery for Ovarian Cysts | Michigan Medicine. Published online, July 17, 2020.
  3. Ovarian cyst – Treatment. Last reviewed, 10 December 2019.

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Our doctors
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Grischuk Ksenia Aleksandrovna

Grischuk Ksenia Aleksandrovna

Obstetrician-gynaecologist, ultrasound specialist , PhD (Medicine)

21 year of practice

Vlasenko Natalia Filimonovna

Vlasenko Natalia Filimonovna

Obstetrician-gynecologist, Candidate of Medical Sciences (PhD degree)

43 years of practice

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Сертифікат № QIZ 804 468 C1
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Сертифікат № QIZ 804 470 C1
Сертифікат № QIZ 804 471 C1

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