Breast problems are common in many women today. Patients aged 40-50 years are most at risk. Cysts occur in a quarter of cases among women with mastopathy.
Sclerosis of breast cysts is a modern and effective method of treatment to reduce the size of cysts in the breast, which can only be done by high-class specialists.
An important role in the development of breast cysts is played by elevated levels of female hormones (prolactin and estrogen), which are often observed in ovarian diseases or inflammatory processes in them. Under the influence of these factors, it is possible to increase the size of one or more ducts of the breast, the accumulation of secretions in them due to obstruction, and the formation of cysts. Clogging of the duct, among other things, can be triggered by a growing papilloma inside it.If we talk about the root causes of hormonal disorders, then most often we are talking about the following:
A breast cyst is a capsule filled with liquid (non-inflammatory) that forms in the ducts of the breast. A benign neoplasm can appear in one gland (unilateral pathology) or both at once (bilateral). There are both single cells and multiple cells that spread throughout the body.
The tumor can be felt by a woman on palpation of the breast during a self-examination. It will have an oval, round or irregular shape. The size can reach five cm in difficult cases. The normal formation has flat walls, atypical - directed into the cavity of growth.
This disease is not life-threatening but can reduce its quality. It rarely regenerates into oncology, but its nodular forms can be a trigger for cancer.
A small tumor does not cause discomfort, complaints in patients appear only when it increases in size and can be felt with the hands. The symptoms are as follows:
Indications for the use of sclerosing breast cysts are as follows:
Contraindications to the use of the method of sclerosis of the cyst are as follows:
In preparation for the procedure, it is necessary to abandon the use of drugs that reduce blood clotting. Before the procedure, a comprehensive examination of the patient's condition is performed. The patient should inform on time of intolerance to certain types of medication. This will help avoid complications and allergic reactions. It is also necessary to stop the use of drugs before the procedure, as some medications can adversely affect the outcome of the procedure.
Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive and virtually non-traumatic procedure. The procedure is performed by a surgeon in the following sequence:
The course of sclerosis of a breast cyst is selected by our specialists individually taking into account the characteristics of a particular patient and the state of her health.
Periodic ultrasound is mandatory. And not only for the prevention of oncopathology but also for an objective assessment of the results of sclerosis of the breast cyst.
The presence of a benign thyroid cyst is not considered an indication for surgery following international guidelines, so the alternative is sclerosis of cystic nodes.
Sclerosis of cysts and nodules is a minimally invasive, effective, and cosmetic way to reduce the volume of the nodule and cyst of the thyroid gland and eliminates the symptoms associated with their growth.
Before the procedure, it is necessary to obtain a cytological conclusion about the benignity of nodes and cysts of the thyroid gland.
The timing and frequency of the procedure are determined by our specialists individually, depending on each case.
At the end of the course, control studies are performed in 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 months. If necessary, it is possible to repeat the course of sclerotherapy.
In renal cysts, as well as in polycystosis, the method of choice is percutaneous puncture of cysts under ultrasound control, followed by sclerosis. This method belongs to minimally invasive interventions, its main advantages are safety, reliability, efficiency, and speed of execution.
The essence of the technique is to remove the contents of the cyst, as well as to prevent a recurrence.
Indications for this procedure are:
No special preoperative preparation is required. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, the patient's position is usually selected during a preliminary ultrasound examination. After aspiration of the contents of the cyst, sclerosing is performed, for which ethyl alcohol (96%) is usually used. After 5-20 minutes, the alcohol is removed from the cavity.
The contents of the cyst must be sent for cytological examination.
The patient can leave the clinic in 2-3 days after the procedure. An ultrasound test is scheduled after 2 weeks. In that case, if fluid accumulation is detected, the patient remains under outpatient supervision. In the absence of effect, re-puncture may be recommended after 6 months.